» KYRGYZSTAN: successful youth – successful country SIAR consult – исследовательско-консалтинговое агентство

KYRGYZSTAN: successful youth – successful country

On 18 December 2009, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaimingthe year commencing on 12 August 2010 as the International Year of Youth: Dialogue andMutual Understanding. The Year coincides with the 25th anniversary of the first InternationalYouth Year in 1985 that was titled “Participation, Development and Peace.” In 2007, the 1.2billion people between ages of 15 and 24, those the United Nations refers to as “youth,” werethe best educated young generation in history. Amounting to 18 percent of the world’s population,today’s youth are a tremendous resource for national development. However, the benefitsfrom a large and dynamic youth population don’t ensue automatically. When societies provideadequate guidance and opportunities for youth in their education, health, employment, sportsand leisure activities, the young people’s talents and energy can be unleashed early on empoweringthem to meaningfully contribute to development of their communities, their countries andthe whole world.Over half of the Kyrgyzstani population is under the age of 25, and about 32 percent is between 15and 25. The youth of the country (those between ages of 15 and 25) were born in the last decadeof the Soviet Union and in the early years of the country’s independence. They grew up in time ofmassive changes in their immediate social environments that included both challenges and opportunities.The socioeconomic transformation in the whole Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS) region brought about significant changes in labor market prospects for young people. Thosechanges include new skills and educational requirements that often cannot be met because of deterioratingeducational institutions and a fragile social fabric. Under Soviet socialism, employmentwas ensured by the State for all and was considered not an option but a duty. While choice was limited,the system provided young people a sense of security, assured a largely predictable path fromschool to work and gave access to benefits and social services provided by State-owned enterprises(2007 World Youth Report). Now, the situation is different. As a “young” state, both historically anddemographically, Kyrgyzstan faces serious challenges: this Report demonstrates the potential totransform these challenges into real opportunities through focused efforts to tackle youth’s humandevelopment problems. (see below)

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